“One machine can do the work of fifty ordinary men. No machine can do the work of one extraordinary man.” – Elbert Hubbard
What is the greatest asset an employment can be grateful for? Employees! In any field, the employees are responsible for all the basic groundwork. Imagine if a worker at a very small level doesn’t come one day and run that machine, would your firm be able to produce that particular slot of goods that will bring you money? No! Only when employees are efficient, the employer benefits from his business. To ensure the employee’s best output, the employer needs to motivate and reward them adequately.
And not just from the employer’s side it is equally necessary for the employee to know their basic rights. Thus, there are certain rights and benefits which the law itself guarantees to such hard working employees. Here are some rights and benefits guaranteed by law to every employee in India that you must know about.
1. Minimum wages
Every employee working in the organized sector has a right to a minimum wage. A minimum wage not only guarantees bare sustenance but also provides for education, medical requirements and some level of comfort. This Minimum Wages Act provides this guarantee. The Act fixes the minimum wage for some scheduled employments. For these employments, this Act applies to the whole of India.
2. Protection from sexual harassment at workplace
Sexual harassment at workplace is a very serious issue. After a landmark Supreme Court judgment, we got the Sexual harassment of Women at Workplace(Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013. It is a criminal offence punishable by the IPC for up to three years with or without fine.
3. Work hours and over time
Many laws in India provide for a specific work hour and overtime wages. The major rules are available in the Factories Act. An adult cannot work for more than 48 hours in a week and not more than 9 hours in a day. If the employee works overtime, he is entitled to twice his regular wages for the extra time. However, employment for women is restricted from 7:00 PM to 6:00 AM.
4. Equal Pay for Equal Work
Equal pay for equal work is a constitutional right and any employer is liable to pay equally to any men, women or temporary staff performing same tasks and undertaking same responsibilities. There can be no discrimination while paying any basis to employees.
5. Right to go on strikes
The employees are provided with the Right to go on a strike without giving a notice, however if the said employee is a public utility employee, then he/she would be bound by the prohibitions laid down in the Industrial Disputes Act 1947, Section 22(1) lays down certain conditions on Strikes by public utility employees, the conditions include giving out prior notice to the employer six weeks before going on such strike.
6. Gratuity benefits
Gratuity is a lump sum amount paid to employees and it is a statutory benefit given to employees who have rendered continuous service for at least five years. This is to provide social security to employees and an employer cannot forfeit the amount of gratuity.